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    Early Years Foundation Stage

    Together, nursery and reception form what is known as the Early Years Foundation Stage (EYFS). The EYFS has its own curriculum based on the main developmental stages of a child’s life from birth to age five which lead to the Early Learning Goals at the end of the Reception year.

    The Foundation Stage Curriculum has three prime areas and four specific areas of learning and development. These are:

    Prime Areas

    • Personal, Social and Emotional Development
    • Physical Development
    • Communication and Language

    Specific Areas

    • Literacy
    • Mathematics
    • Understanding the World
    • Expressive Arts and Design

    If you require any further information, please do not hesitate to ask any member of staff.


    It is a ‘play based’ curriculum through which children experience a mixture of child-initiated and adult led play based activities. Through this curriculum, children are encouraged to:

    • explore, develop and represent learning experiences that help them to make sense of the world;
    • practise and build up ideas, concepts and skills;
    • learn how to understand the need for rules;
    • take risks and make mistakes;
    • think creatively and imaginatively;
    • manage their feelings and behaviour;

    This provides the children with experiences and support to help them to develop a positive sense of themselves and others. This area underpins all the other learning in the foundation stage. It encourages children to make relationships, value themselves and others, develop the skills to help them to learn and increases their independence.

    Physical development covers all aspects of healthy bodies and movement – from moving confidently and safely with co-ordination and control to understanding their own needs and what they need to do to stay healthy. It also covers the range of gross and fine motor skills needed to be able to handle equipment effectively – this is an essential step in learning to write.

    Speaking and listening runs throughout the whole of the EYFS. There are stories, rhymes and role play every day where the children have the opportunity to talk, listen and join in. We encourage the children to take their first steps in early reading and writing through role play, free choice activities and focussed teaching sessions. Reception has a library session each week, where the children are invited to choose a library book to take home to share with you. They will also be bringing home early reading books, letters, sounds and words to practise and learn.

    Literacy development involves encouraging children to link sounds and letters and to begin to read and write. Children will engage in a wide range of reading materials (books, poems, and other written materials) to match their interest.

    This covers anything to do with number and shape. Your child will be counting and recognising and writing numbers through play and focussed teaching sessions. There will be opportunities to play with games and puzzles which will help them to be able to solve simple problems and see and create patterns.

    Through this area, the children learn to make sense of the world that they live in. This covers a whole range of subjects which includes designing and making; information technology; learning about people and places and changes over time. All our classrooms are equipped with interactive whiteboards and our Foundation classrooms have computers for the children to use.

    Expressive Arts and Design is about is about children doing all the things you would expect like sing songs, make music and dance, painting and role play, it covers so much more. Our aim is to ensures that children feel secure enough to ‘have a go’ at new things. It is through this creative play that children learn to initiate their own learning by making choices and then express their ideas through whichever medium they choose.

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